Advantages and Challenges Teaching Online

The Advantages and Challenges of Teaching Online

The following is a guest post by Elena Mutonono. You can find out more about Elena at the bottom of the post. Take it away Elena…

This weekend my almost-three-year-old son had his first language lesson … online. My son is growing up bilingual in a largely monolingual country. He goes to an American pre-school, talks to the majority of our friends in English, knows the entire English alphabet already and is learning to read… in English.

Since my mother tongue is Russian, I decided early on that I would talk to him in Russian only so he becomes fluent in both languages. As he is getting older though I’m realizing the challenge of keeping him bilingual and finding a face-to-face professional teacher who wouldn’t mind driving across the town to work with him for 30 minutes.

That prompted me to begin looking online. Being an online teacher myself I realize how insanely hard it is to teach teenagers online, not to mention kids! But I decided to send out my request to several teachers, and received two brave positive responses. We ended up going with one of them.

The lesson turned out to be so much more than I expected: my son was engaged, enjoyed meeting a new teacher and talking to him in Russian, showed all of his toys to him and even learned some letters of the Russian alphabet. Obviously, there were a number of limitations to such an online teaching experience, especially for a two-year-old, but in my case there was no other choice. The teacher did an excellent job, and he is definitely hired.

Diving into the Online Teaching Environment

I began teaching online in 2008 when a good friend from my hometown (about 70 km away) asked me to help her with pronunciation and fluency training. It was a similar situation where we had no other choice. I couldn’t be driving to my hometown every week, nor could she come all the way to see me for lessons.

So she installed skype, and we thought we’d give it a try. It worked. She began learning online and really enjoying the additional bonuses of such format: she was saving a lot of time and could have her lessons directly at her work place at the end of her working day. 

After a few years, I was laid off, and so again I had no other choice but to begin growing my online clientele. At the time I only knew one-to-one teaching via skype, but I would soon learn many more formats and become an expert in the business aspect of online teaching – something I’d never imagined myself doing.

The Similarities with Face-To-Face Teaching

Teaching may take different formats, but the essence of it still remains the same. According to the dictionary (, teaching means imparting knowledge or skill, or causing somebody to develop a set of skills or knowledge.

No matter where, what, who and how we teach, our goal is never the method for the sake of the method, it’s always imparting the knowledge and developing skills using whatever method appropriate for a specific age group and available at a specific time.

As experienced teachers, we know that there is a difference between teaching a child, a teenager, a College student, an adult or a senior. There are challenges and there are advantages. And certainly there is our own preference factor. But no matter how, our intention is always on helping the student achieve his/her results.

Online Teaching: Most Common Fears

When teachers consider switching to working online, there’s a series of questions that they keep asking themselves, and those questions are usually prompted by, what we will call, the fears of the unknown:

What if my Internet is down?

This certainly does happen, but it doesn’t make online teaching less reliable that way. Think of the times when you taught regular classes and you weren’t feeling too well, so you had to call in sick for fear of contaminating disease. When you teach online minor colds or temporary sickness/disability will not always keep you away from the classroom. Interestingly, colds happen more often than the Internet/power outages.

What if Skype doesn’t work?

In my 5 years of online teaching I only remember 3 epic skype outages. The first two made me panic. The last one was a breeze because by then I had a back-up plan (Google Hangouts) and was able to use it quite successfully.

What if a Student misses his/her class?

There are different ways of getting in touch with your students, and with the rise of portable devices, and phone-based internet services, my students can send me a quick text message if they are stuck in traffic or if there’s an emergency. Also, after a few months of teaching I knew I had to come up with specific terms and conditions so students wouldn’t “get used” to canceling their lessons all the time.

Today when a student signs up with me, he/she gets a document with terms and conditions, and he has to abide by them, and that means that no skipping-lesson excuse except for emergencies listed in the contract is considered valid. So the so-called no-shows are very rare.

How can I talk to a student whose mother tongue is different from the target language?

This one may sound like it’s tricky, but it isn’t for seasoned language teachers. If you know the mother tongue of your students you’ll be able to teach them from the beginner level. If not, you’ll just be there to help them develop their fluency.

Do I use ____________ (camera/headphones/microphone/iPad/iPhone, etc.)?

You can use all of the above, or very few of the above (just a headset and your computer). It depends on what you’re comfortable with and what your student can work with.

How do I teach a lesson?

The most common mistake is to think that once you begin your online teaching career there’s a set of many tools that you will need to learn how to use. It is true that over time your knowledge will most likely go beyond the use of Skype and Google, but you don’t need to know it all before you start.

My advice to beginning online teachers is to be as simple as you can: call via skype, use the chat window as your board and turn on the camera if you want your student to see the props that you have put together for the class. You can email the worksheets and the homework assignment prior to the lesson and use the relevant tools to make this process a simple one.

Most of these fear-based questions have to do with the technicalities, but they have nothing to do with the teaching itself. If you know how to teach, all you need to do is learn a bit about the basic online tools available for online teaching, and begin using them.

In What Ways is Online Teaching Superior to Teaching Face-to-Face?

Though there are some limitations to the online learning environment, I can think of at least 5 ways in which online language learning, for instance, can be superior to a classroom lesson. Naturally I’m biased, but I think that a lot of teachers are so put off by the fears and the slight learning curve involved that they forget about the generous benefits of online teaching.

Greater focus on listening comprehension skills. If you’re an online language teacher, working online with video camera off will prompt your students to be more alert and attentive, and thus develop their listening skills much faster than in a traditional classroom environment where listening is aided by other types of communication.

Greater focus on learning. In a traditional classroom, there are lots of distractions that may take away your student’s attention and then will take time to bring it back. It’s more difficult to do so online when a student is working on a task, talking or writing.

Wider range of materials, easily accessible on all devices. Having taught online for 5 years, I find traditional classroom somewhat limiting when it comes to retrieving information and accessing a wider range of assignments within seconds. There are plenty of resources on the internet, and that makes your materials more versatile and customized.

Better quality student support. Being online means you are more available than in the classroom and/or during your office hours. You will obviously have to develop some guidelines so you’re not writing/responding to emails non-stop, but better support means better results.

The time saving and comfort factor. There is no commuting involved into online teaching. It’s comfortable, convenient and easy for everybody involved. That increases the happiness factor, which makes the environment more conducive to teaching and learning.

The Challenges of Online Teaching

There are several big challenges to online teaching as well, but it doesn’t mean that they cannot be overcome. With the right training and basic marketing skills, you will be able to tackle those as well. Here are just the top two that I mostly write about when I participate in forums.

  • Finding and retaining new students.
  • Developing your own brand.

One of the best answers to these two issues is writing content. Content will bring people to your website, content will answer your readers’ questions, and content will prompt them to book your services rather than anybody else’s. Creating content takes time and practice, but as you keep looking and trying different means of conveying your unique message, you will find your voice that will speak and win the heart of your future customers.

I hope that this article has inspired you to test out the waters of online teaching and enjoy the pleasure that comes when you move your expertise beyond the walls of a traditional classroom and impact the lives of people all over the world.

More about Elena:

Elena Mutonono transforms traditional teachers into online teacherpreneurs. Visit for details and deals.

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  • Cleona

    Extending listening practice by turning off the camera is a technique that I should use more often online. Thanks for the reminder.

    • Cleona, I found listening comprehension improve significantly when the camera is off. Those students are also more engaged into the session. You have to be careful though if you teach teenagers because they may turn off the camera and “multitask” while talking to you (of course, a teacher will always detect that). Thank you!

  • ElfinW

    Elena, great post and of course, I couldn’t agree more about how online teaching can be much more effective.
    About limiting student support, how would you go about it ? Is it possible to set office hours when students are from different time zones ?

    • Elfin, I put it out there as a caution, something you should keep in mind. In general I have noticed that not too many students are going to write 10 emails a day with questions ))) I believe you could use common sense and just set up a 2-3 emails per week limit (if necessary). If somebody is way too inquisitive ))) then you might remind them that they have 2-3 emails per week, not more. I generally tell all of my students that I won’t be responding over the weekend or on holidays. You might want to include that information on your free trial forms so if students fill out a form on Friday they know they will only hear from you on Monday.

  • Christopher Bubniak

    Elena, thank you for your shared insight. I am earning my Masters online and to this point, I have never previously determined whether online educations were more advantageous. After further review and as a collegiate online student, I don’t disagree nor do I quite agree. I will definitely agree that opportunities are better online, as I have the school’s library at my disposal. I do not think I would have a library of that size at my physical disposal anywhere else. However, when I need to be in facial contact with my professor, I am at a loss. He does not Skype, so I am at the mercy of his email returns. There are times when face-to-face communication trumps every other form for a myriad of reasons. Even with Skype, can one fully denote all the facial expressions and other forms of non-verbal communication from one speaker to another?

    • Elena Mutonono

      Hey Christopher. Sorry for some reason I don’t get notifications to these comments on time, so I’m responding with delay. The main focus of my article was advantages and disadvantages of teaching online, specifically teaching languages to help students with their personal or professional development. Getting an MA online is a bit different, and I would say that one has to write a specific article on that point as well. When people take an online degree they look at the benefits that they get and see how much they outweigh the downsides. As a mother of 2 kids under 3 I’d say that taking an online degree for me would definitely be advantageous because of its flexibility. If my goal is just to get a degree then definitely there’s nothing better for me. However when I was single without kids I would have said differently because at that time experience and interaction were more important for me than flexible schedule and the actual diploma in hand. I’d say you should always weigh your benefits against the drawbacks and make up your mind based on that. Not being able to see your teacher is definitely a downside, but then again if you seek interaction then you shouldn’t probably take an online degree in the first place.

    • kenID

      @Christopher, as a university instructor, I’d think teaching online is easier for me, allowing me to go through large volume of text-based submissions. But, if I were to learn a complex skill (like Physical Fitness Assessment), I’d want/demand to have a lab component to an online course.

  • kenID

    Great post from Elena. I do blended teaching (and contrary to popular belief), young adults are less active online than in-class. I surmise this must be because I don’t write in the students’ L1 when posting on our class page while in class, I do to ease understanding.

    • Elena Mutonono

      My only problem with teaching young adults online is that they need to be taught how to learn. It takes about 2 months to get them to look words up in dictionaries (not just “sort of” understand) and do other things. I guess it depends on your approach and your goals. If you love games and “edutainment” then young adults is your group. I get tired of being a stand-up comedian and disciplinarian for young learners, so I just let people like you take those one 🙂

  • Thank you for the article! Listening skills do develop a lot better and faster. We can also use Viber if Skype won’t work. The desktop version is already available.

    • Elena Mutonono

      Thanks, that sounds like a great plan. I’ll check out viber as well. I know it can be used on iphones but wasn’t sure if it was available on desktops. Thanks!

    • Joseph Huth

      Thanks for the information on Viber, Ekaterina.

  • Thank you for the article, Elena!

    Do you think is it possible to start teaching online if you’re not a qualified teacher? The point is that I have a degree in engineering, but my hobby is blogging. I really enjoy helping people to improve their English by posting articles on my blog (see my Disqus acc) and motivate them to be more successful in learning.

    My English is good and now I’m really thinking of giving private and group lessons online for A1-B1 students.

    Just want to know what you think. Thank you!

    • Hey Rinat! Unless you want to do it temporarily or on the side and for fun (read: really cheaply) I’d recommend getting some sort of certification, like CELTA or perhaps DELTA (more involving). If I were you I’d start out by creating a (free) product first (an e-book or a course) and then sharing it with your potential students. Then you could recruit people for private or group lessons from there. Still I believe that it’s important to know what you’re doing when you teach. I used to love helping people to learn something new (after all, teaching is in my blood as I’m a 4th generation teacher) before I was trained as a teacher and I found that in many ways I was re-inventing the wheel. It’s good to learn how things work (being an engineer you could probably relate) so whatever you teach has a strategy behind it. Good luck!

  • Joseph Huth

    Thanks so much, Elena. Your article is very helpful and inspiring to me as I begin my online teaching business. Best of luck to you in your endeavors.



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